Who Lived and Ruled for How Many Years??

Who Lived and Ruled for How Many Years
In Indian mythology many people lived for many thousands of years, people in Kali Yug cannot even think about it.

(1) Hiranyakashyap – ruled for 730 million years.

(2) Dhruv (Uttaanpaad’s son) – ruled for 36,000 years.

(3) Raajaa Bali – ruled for 21 million years

(4) Alark
In Chandra Vansh, Pururavaa’s son was Aayu, Aayu’s son was Khatravriddh, Kshatravriddh’s son was Suhotra.
Suhotra -> Kaashya -> Kaasheya -> Deerghtapaa -> Dhavantari -> Ketumaan -> Bheemarath -> Divodaas -> Pratardan -> Alark
Alark ruled for 66,000 years in his young age.
[Vishnu Puraan, 4/7, Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/10]

(5) Nahush’s son Yayaati – ruled for 80,000 years (In Pururavaa’s Vansh)

(6) Yayaati’s youngest son Puru ruled for 100,000 years

(6) ) – ruled for 27,000 years.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/12]
Bhavishya Puraan, 3-Pratisarg-3, p 276-278 says that he ruled for 36,000 years

(7) Arjun (Kritveerya’s son) – enjoyed pleasures for 85,000 years
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/14]

(8) Dasharath
It is said that Raajaa Dasharath got his children in his fourth (means last period) of his life. Everybody knows that Raam went with Vishwaamitra at the age of 16 years just for a few days. At he same time He was married to Seetaa. After getting married, He lived in Ayodhyaa only for 13 years and after that went to forest. So He was about 29 years old when He went to forest and within a couple days Dasharath Jee died. It means he lived only 29-30 years more after getting his children. V-Raamaayan says that he got his children at the age of 66,000 years.
[V-Raamaayan, 1/6/20]

(9) Raam (Dasharath’s son) – ruled for 13,000 years.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/6] [V-Raamaayan, 7/20/51] says that He ruled for 10,000 years.
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Who and who Saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop or Viraat Roop?

Who Saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop or Viraat Roop?

Although Krishn lived for 123 (or 125) years, still not everybody was lucky to see His Chatur-bhuj or Viraat Roop. Then who and who saw His that Roop?

(1) Arjun
The first name comes to our mind is of His cousin and friend or say His own form – Arjun. He saw His both Roop at the time of hearing Geetaa, when he got afraid to see His Viraat Roop, he requested Him to show His Chatur-bhuj Roop.

(2) Sanjaya
Sanjaya was given Divine Sight to see MBH war, so Sanjaya also saw Bhagavaan’s Viraat Roop

(3) In Kaurav Court
When Krishn went to Dhritraashtra as a peace messenger from Paandav’s side, on Duryodhan’s ill behavior, He showed His Vishwa Roop. MBH, G-5-Prewar/18 says that it was seen by Drone, Bheeshm, Vidur, Sanjaya and some Rishi to whom Krishn gave Divine sight.

(4) Jaraasandh
The second name is of Jaraasandh, Krishn fought with him in His Chaturbhuj Roop.
[Padm Puraan, 5/45]

(5) Kaalayavan Daitya
Kaalayavan Daitya also saw Krishn in His Chaturbhuj Roop. He had never seen Krishn before. Naarad Jee gave His description to him. So when he went to invade Mathuraa, Krishn came out of the city in His Chaturbhuj Roop without any weapon in His hands and on foot. Seeing Him in this Roop Kaalayavan immediately recognized Him as Krishn and wanted to fight with Him and capture Him.
[ Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u2]

(6) Muchukund
Muchukund also saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop when he was awakened from his long sleep by Kaalyavan Raakshas by hitting him by his foot. He burnt Kaalyavan to ashes as he saw him and he saw Bhagavaan standing in the cave.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u2]

(7) 20,800 Kings Imprisoned by Jaraasandh
Jaraasandh had imprisoned 20,800 kings in a fort in a valley. They sent a message to Krishn to free them. Krishn came with Arjun and Bheem and killed him. When He freed them, they saw Him in His Chatur-bhuj Roop.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u14]

(8) Jaraa
Jaraa named hunter who killed Krishn saw His Chaturbhuj Roop when he came to pick his hunt.
[Vishnu Puraan, 5/14]

(9) Uttank
Muni Uttank also saw Viraat Roop when Krishn was returning to Dwaarakaa after the war.
[MBH, G-7-Postwar/19]

(10) Parashuraam Jee
Mahaabhaarat describes the incident of Parashuraam meeting with Raam and in that incident Raam gives him Divine sight and shows His Viraat Roop to him. Although Maanas and Raamaayan do not mention this.
[MBH, G-4-Van/17]

The Soot Putra in Mahabharat

Who and Who Are the Soot Putra in MBH
Soot Putras are those, as defined, whose father is a Braahman and mother is a Kshatriya. By this definition many people can be counted as Soot Putra, such as Dhritraashtra, Paandu, etc. Still the famous ones are —

(1) Karn – The most famous one is Karn

(2) Adhirath – Saarathee of Shaantanu

(3) Keechak – Brother of Sudeshnaa (King Viraat’s wife) who also becomes a Soot Putree. Keechak is Prince of Kekaya? but also is a Soot. King of Kekaya married a Yaadav Princess and was a co-brother to Paandu hence Keechak was step-cousin to Paandav. So there is a probability that Kuntee’s sister married a Soot or someone whose at least one wife was Soot (Karn is cited having Soot wives as disqualifying him from marrying Draupadee as a Soot Putra).

In Indonesian legends, Keechak is either the son to Paraashar and Satyavatee or a descendent of Satyavatee http://www.joglesemar.com


(5) Vishok – Saarathee of Bhem – he was the son of Krishn, so Krishn had him either from a Braahman woman or a woman of the Soot birth.

(6) Ugrashravaa – is famous as Soot Jee – he used to tell Puraan etc stories to Rishi.

(7) Romharshan – r was also a Soot. He was a very dear disciple of Ved Vyaas Jee and in spite of being a Soot, he taught him Puraan and Itihaas (Mahaabhaart) which he recited to other Rishi. He was killed by Balaraam Jee when he was on his Teerth Yaatraa.

WHO and WHO talked to GOD?

Who Talked to Gods in Mahaabhaarat?
There are a few people who have talked to gods in Mahaabhaarat, who are they…?

(1) Karn
–Karn was the son of Soorya Dev. He talked to Soorya Dev and Indra Dev. When MBH war was to start, Indra knew that Karn had indestructible armor (Kavach) and earrings (Kundal) and they will not let his son Arjun win him, so he decided to take them from him. He went to him in disguise of a Braahman and begged for them at the time that he could not refuse him.

–Knowing Indra’s intention, Soorya Dev came to him to warn him not to give them to Indra, but Karn could not agree with him, then Soorya Dev asked him to ask for Indra’s Shakti (Power) in exchange of his Kavach and Kundal.

(2) Arjun
–Arjun was the son of Indra Dev. When it was decided that Paandav had to fight with Kaurav, Krishn suggested Arjun to obtain Divine weapons. So Arjun pleased Indra Dev and asked Divine weapons. He told him that first he had to take Paashupat Astra from Shiv Jee, then he is most welcome to enter Swarg and take Divine weapons.

–So Arjun pleased Shiv Jee and Shiv Jee encountered him in disguise of a Kiraat. Shiv Jee defeated him and pleased with his fight gave his Paashupat Astra to him. Only after that he could enter Swarg and brought Divine Astra from his father.

(3) Yudhishthir
–While in exile, just in the beginning, Yudhishthir worshipped Soorya Dev to get food for all his followers. So Soorya Dev gave him a Divine pot which will not be empty from food unless Draupadee would eat from that pot.

–While in exile, once Draupadee asked for water to drink and Yudhishthir asked Sahadev to bring water for her. Sahadev found a pond, and as he was about to take water from it, he was warned by its caretaker that unless he would answer his questions he could not take water from there. Sahadev neglected his warning and when he took the water to drink, he fell lifeless on its bank. Thus all four brothers came there and fell lifeless by ignoring the caretaker’s warning. In the end Yudhishthir came there and he answered all his questions, got his all brothers back to life. The caretaker of that pond was Dharm Raaj – his own father himself.
Who Talked to Gods Other Than in Mahaabhaarat?
There are some other people also, outside Mahaabhaarat, who talked to gods —-

(1) Saavitree
Saavitree talked to Yam Raaj

(2) Nachiketaa

Rishi /Muni Who Married Kings’ Daughters ;

Rishi /Muni Who Married Kings’ Daughters
There are many Rishi who married kings’ daughters. In all cases the kings did not want to marry their daughters to Rishi, but they had to marry them. Rishi married them and pleased them in strange ways and had children from them.

(1) Agastya Rishi
When Agastya Rishi wanted to marry, he could not get a woman of his choice, so he created one through his mind and kept her in the palace of Vidarbh Desh King. When she became of marriageable age he asked King her hand. The King hesitated to marry his beautiful daughter to a sage, but Agastya Jee threatened him of his curse, so the Princess Lopaamudraa herself offered to her father to marry Agastya Jee. Both started living happily. Lopaamudraa had left all her royal living and lived like a hermit’s wife. She served him with all her true heart, speech and actions. Pleased with her services, Agastya Rishi told her that he wanted to give her a child. At this Lopaamudraa recollected her royal living. She told Muni, that if he wanted to to come to her, he had to give her good clothes and jewelry and he himself also had to wear good clothes, otherwise their meeting was not possible.

Agastya Jee said – “I am a Rishi, where from I can bring jewelry and good clothes?” Lopaamudraa said – “You have lots of powers, you can do any thing.” At this Agastya Jee went to several kings but according to him none had enough money to give to him. One king then suggested him to go to Ilval and Vaataapi Daitya as they had lots of money. Agastya Jee went there and asked them some wealth. They were cannibals, they planned to eat him, but Agastya Jee was had guessed it before so he ate one of them and took wealth from the other one and came back. He then adorned his wife, met her and had a son named Dridhasyu.

(2) Kardam Rishi
Kardam Rishi married Manu’s daughter Devahooti at the order of Brahmaa Jee. Devahooti lived with him like a hermit’s wife. She served him so well that Rishi got very pleased with her services and gave her all his powers. She then requested him to give her children. At this Kardam Rishi created a Vimaan (air plane), gave her beautiful Roop (look) and wandered in that Vimaan for many long years enjoying lie. Then they came home and Kardam Rishi enjoyed with her in nine forms and had nine daughters during this period.

(3) Saubhari Rishi
Saubhari Rishi was engaged in his Tapsyaa that one day while taking bath in a river, he saw a fish playing with his wife and children, so he also longed for the family life. he went to the then king of Ayodhyaa – Maandhaataa. Maandhaataa had 50 daughters and Rishi asked him to marry his any one daughter whoever liked him, to him. Maandhaataa could not apparently refused the Muni, so he said – “If any of my daughters is ready to marry you I will surely marry her to you.” And he sent him to his daughters’ palace. Muni changed his form into a young handsome man and entered the princesses’ palace. All Princesses got ready to marry him. His people reported him that his all daughters got ready to marry him. Hearing this the King got very surprised but could not do anything except to marry his all daughters to him with heavy heart. Saubhari Rishi, with the effect of his Yog, built 50 palaces for his 50 princess wives with all kinds of comforts and luxuries and enjoyed with them.

After a while King got restless and wished to see his daughters, so he came to Rishi’s Aashram. he got stunned to see Rishi’s Aashram. He entered one of the palaces and met his one daughter. The daughter told him all whatever had happened after he married her to Rishi. King asked her whether she was happy? She said – “Very much, but she was worried about her other sisters who might be thinking that I have taken their husband.” The King asked – “Why do you think so?” “Because Rishi always lives with me and I don’t see him going anywhere leaving me alone.” Hearing this the King got sad for his other daughters. So he went to his second daughter. He had the same experience there also, and in the third daughter’s house also. Then he understood everything that Rishi was enjoying with them in as many forms as his wives were. He went to Rishi, greeted him, expressed his gratitude and came back to his city. Saubhari Rishi many children from those 50 daughters.

(4) Richeek Rishi
When Richeek Rishi wanted to marry, he went to King Gaadhi and asked the hand of his beautiful daughter Maandhaataa. Gaadhi did not want to give his daughter to him, so he said – “Ours is Kushik Vansh and our daughters are difficult to marry. Richeek Muni understood, he asked him – “What do you want?” Gaadhi asked him to give him 1,000 white horses with one of their ears black. Richeek Muni went to Varun Dev, brought 1,000 such horses, gave them to the King and married Satyavatee.

Once both Satyavatee and her mother requested him to give them a son. So Muni prepared two Charu, one for each, and instructed them how to take it. Satyvatee’s mother thought that Muni must have prepared a better Charu for his own wife so she took her daughter’s Charu herself, and gave her own Charu to her daughter. Muni came to know about this and he said to Satyavatee – “Now you will have a king-like son who will kill many people and your mother will have a saintly son.” Hearing this Satyavatee got frightened, fell on Muni’s feet and told that she did not want such a son, she wanted only a saintly son. Then Muni said – “All right, Then your grandson will be like this.” After this Gaadhi had Vishwaamitra as his son, and Satyavatee had Rishi Jamadagni as her son

Once Raajaa Sharyaati, Manu’s son, came out for hunting along with his family and camped near Chyavan Rishi’s Aashram. His daughter Sukanyaa, while wandering around with her friends, came towards Rishi’s Aashram. At that time he was busy in his Tapasyaa. He was there for quite some time so even ants had built their house around him. Sukanyaa could not understand it, she saw only two holes in that anthill, so out of curiosity sake she picked up a straw and inserted it in both the holes. They were the holes for Muni’s eyes, so his eyes got pierced and blood started oozing out from them. She got frightened and came back to her camp. Chyavan Rishi got angry and with his Yog power, he stopped King’s army’s excretion system. When Sharyaati came to know about this, he understood that somebody had done something to the Muni, so he asked everybody who had done what to the Muni. Sukanyaa said – “Perhaps I have done something.” and told him everything. The King immediately went to Chayavan Rishi’s place, asked for his forgiveness and asked him what he could do for him to make him pleased. He told him to marry his daughter to him. The King was not ready for this but seeing the delicacy of the situation, both the King and Sukanyaa got ready; and the King married his daughter to Muni. Now Sukanyaa started serving Muni very sincerely and faithfully.

Once Muni asked Sukanyaa to give him a son. At this Sukanyaa asked him to be young, finely dressed with jewelry. Chayavan Roshi said – “I am a Rishi from where I will bring these things?” Sukanyaa said – You are a great Tapaswee, you can get anything you want.” Chyavan Rishi said – “I do not want to waste my Tap on such trivial things.”

Once when she was taking bath in a pond, Ashwinee Kumaar were passing from skyway. They saw beautiful Sukanyaa, came down and asked her who was she and why she was there alone in that forest? Sukanyaa said – “I am the daughter of King Sharyaati and the wife of Muni Chyavan. Who are you?” Ashwinee Kumaar said – “That Muni is old and blind, why don’t you choose one of us and live comfortably. We are Ashwinee Kumaar, we will give you everything what you deserve for.” Sukanyaa said – ” I am a Pativrataa woman and serve my husband faithfully. It does not look nice from you being Devtaa.” At this Ashwinee Kumaar said – “We are very happy with your faithfulness, so if you wish we can give youth and eyesight to your husband.” “Let me ask him.” Sukanyaa went home and told everything to Chyavan Rishi. Chyavan Rishi agreed. Ashwinee Kumaar took him to take a dip in the pond, and when they came out all look alike – young and beautiful. Sukanyaa could not recognize her husband. She meditated on Ashwinee Kumaar and Ashwinee Kumaar gave her power to recognize her husband.

RISHI/MUNI: Rishi for whom children born during Tapasaya

Children Born During Tapasyaa Period
As normally it is believed or instructed that while doing any Tapasyaa one should follow Brahmcharya, here are some examples when Rishi did Tapasyaa and had children during that period —

(1) Vishwaamitra
Vishwaamitra did Tapasyaa three times to get powers – Once he did Tapasyaa to please Shiv Jee and got weapons. Next time he did Tapasyaa and pleased Brahmaa Jee. At that time he had four sons.

RISHI/MUNIS: RISHIS who were cursed in the womb

Some even spoke from the womb and were cursed —

(1) Deerghtamaa (Dīrghatamas (Sanskrit: दीर्घतमस्)
The first name is of Deerghtamaa. Deerghtamaa is the son of Brihaspati from the wife of his brother Utathya. When Brihaspati wanted to have a child from his brother’s wife, she was already with the child of Utathya, so the child from the womb said to him – “Do not try to have a child, there is no place for two.” But Brihaspati did not listen to him and forced her to have his child and cursed the child in the womb that “You perpetually live in darkness.” So when Deerghtamaa was born, he was blind. Brihaspati’s own child was born immediately and was known as Bharadwaaj.

(2) Ashtaavakra (Ashtavakra (Sanskrit: अष्टावक्रः)
The second name is of Ashtaavakra. Ashtaavakra was the son of Kaahodaa Rishi and Sujaataa – the daughter of Kaahodaa’s Guru Uddaalak. She wanted that her child sould be very knowledgeable so she attended classes of her husband and her father. Once Kaahodaa, the child’s father, was teaching something that the child from the womb said – “You read it the whole night and still, I think you are not reciting it correctly. By your grace I know all Ved, Shaastra here in womb too.” This insulted Kaahodaa in front of his disciples, so he cursed him – “you are speaking even from the womb, you be born slanted at eight places of your body.” So when the child was born he was slanted from eight places of his body and was thus named Ashtaavakra.

RAVEN: Raven kee Lok Kathayein : : रैवन: रैवन की लोक कथाएँ

रैवन की लोक कथाएँ1

रैवन काले रंग का कौए की तरह का एक पक्षी होता है जो दुनिया में बहुत जगह पाया जाता है पर यह अमेरिका और कैनेडा के उत्तर पश्चिमी हिस्से में रहने वाले मूल निवासियों की लोक कथाओं का हीरो है। अमेरिका और कैनेडा की खोज से पहले अमेरिका और कैनेडा दो देश नहीं थे इसलिये रैवन की कथाओं को अमेरिका के मूल निवासियों की लोक कथा कहना ही ज़्यादा उचित होगा।

अमेरिका के मूल निवासियों में बहुत सारी जनजातियाँ थीं और इन सब में अलग अलग लोक कथाएँ थीं। रैवन की लोक कथाएँ कई जनजातियों में अपने अपने तरीके से कही सुनी जाती थीं और लोकप्रिय थीं।

आजकल रैवन कैनेडा देश के यूकोन प्रान्त और भूटान देश का राष्ट्रीय पक्षी है और भूटान देश की तो यह शाही टोपी में भी लगा हुआ है।

यह अपने काले रंग, सड़े हुए माँस खाने की आदत और कठोर आवाज की वजह से बहुत अपशकुनी माना जाता है पर फिर भी लोग इसको मारते नहीं है। अमेरिका के मूल निवासी इन्डियन्स के कायोटी की तरह से यह भी उनकी लोक कथाओं का एक मुख्य हीरो है। इसकी दुनिया बनाने वाली कहानियाँ बहुत मशहूर हैं।

इसको लोग जन्म और मौत के बीच का बिचौलिया मानते हैं क्योंकि यह सड़ा हुआ माँस खाता है इसलिये इस का रिश्ता मरे हुए लोगों और भूतों से है और क्योंकि इसने दुनिया बनाने में बहुत मदद की है इसलिये इसका रिश्ता ज़िन्दगी से भी है।

रैवन का जिक्र केवल अमेरिका और कैनेडा की लोक कथाओं में ही नहीं है बल्कि ग्रीस और रोम की दंत कथाओं में भी है। रोम की दंत कथाओं में अपोलो जो भविष्यवाणी करता है यह उनसे जुड़ा हुआ है। स्वीडन में इसको कत्ल हुए लोगों का भूत मानते हैं। इंगलैंड में कुछ ऐसा विश्वास है कि यदि रैवन “टावर औफ लंदन” से हटा दिये जायें तो इंगलैंड का राज्य ही खत्म हो जायेगा।

बाइबिल में भी इसका जिक्र कई जगहों पर आया है। टालमुड में रैवन नोआ की नाव के उन तीन जानवरों में से एक है जिन्होंने बाढ़ के समय में लैंगिक सम्बन्ध स्थापित किये थे और इसी लिये नोआ ने उसको सजा दी थी। कुरान में रैवन ने ऐडम के दो बेटे केन और एबिल में से केन को उसके कत्ल किये हुए भाई को दफनाना सिखाया। हिन्दुओं की तुलसीदास जी की लिखी हुई “रामचरित मानस” में यह कागभुशुण्डि जी के रूप में आता है और 27 प्रलय देख चुका है। उसमें यह गरुड़ जी को राम कथा सुनाता है।

प्रशान्त महासागर के उत्तर पूर्व के लोगों में रैवन की जो लोक कथाएँ कही सुनी जाती हैं उनसे पता चलता है कि वे लोग अपने वातावरण के कितने आधीन थे और उसकी कितनी इज़्ज़त करते थे। रैवन मिंक और कायोटी की तरह से कोई भी रूप ले सकता है, जानवर का या आदमी का। वह कहीं भी आ जा सकता है और उसके बारे में यह पहले से कोई भी नहीं बता सकता कि वह क्या करने वाला है। वैसे तो वह बहुत ही चालाक है लेकिन एक बार उसने एक बड़ी सीप में बन्द नंगे लोगों के ऊपर दया दिखायी थी। फिर वह अपनी चालबाजी से उनके लिये शिकार, मछली, आग, कपड़े और ऐसी ऐसी रस्में लेकर आया जो उनको भूतों और आत्माओं के असर से बचा सकती थीं। उसने प्रकृति से लड़ कर उन लोगों को काम के लायक बनाया।

रैवन की भूख बहुत ज़्यादा है और वह अपनी भूख कोई भी चाल खेल कर ही मिटाया करता है पर अक्सर वह चाल उसी पर उलटी पड़ जाती है।

STORY of great stories; The ARABIAN NIGHTS Stories

Arabian Nights – (Well known stories are  “Allaadeen”,  “Alee Baabaa and Forty Thieves” and “Sindbaad the Sailor”.)

There was a Sultaan (king) Shahariyaar became very disappointed with his wife’s behavior while he was away, so he declared all the women unfaithful and ordered to behead his wife. He decided to marry a new virgin girl each evening and execute her next morning. Whoever did not obey his order was killed. This created a havoc in the society and so much shortage of unmarried girls.

Sultaan’s Vazeer also had two daughters – Shaharzaad and Deenaarzaad. Shaharzaad was elder, very clever and beautiful. Seeing this havoc in the society, one day Shaharzaad requested her father to take the responsibility of supplying these girls to the Sultaan and then one day to supply herself to him. Vazeer was shocked to hear this. The daughter said – “Don’t be afraid, I am sure that I will be able to save thousands of girls.” But the father wouldn’t agree for this. But at last the daughter had made him agreed upon this.

Vazeer went to the Sultaan and told him that he would bring his own daughter to him the following evening. Sultaan said in astonishment – “Are you out of mind? How could you think of this? Doesn’t she know my condition?” “She knows.” “Then?” “Still she insists.” “Remember you will have to take her life yourself, if you refuse… I will take yours.” “Sure.”

In the meantime Shaharzaad asked her sister to do her a favor, she said – “Today I will be married to Sulataan. Tomorrow morning he will execute me. Before this execution, I want you help. After the marriage I will request him to take you with me, which I think he should grant. Your job is only to wake me up one hour before sunrise, and say “Sister, If you are not asleep, tell me one of your interesting stories.” Then I will start telling stories. Hopefully I will save my people thus.” Her sister readily agreed for this.

So her father married her to the Sultaan crying a lot. After the marriage ceremony Shaharzaad started crying. On asking why was she crying, she told the Sultaan that she was crying for her sister Deenaarzaad and she would be happy if she would be brought to her to spend the last night of her life. Her sister was immediately called and she requested her to tell a story to pass the night as she was to be executed the next morning.

According to their plan, Deenaarzaad asked her sister to tell one of her wonderful stories a little before sunrise. As it was the last night of her life. Shahazaad did not reply to her sister, rather she addressed Sultaan – “Will you please allow me to tell one story to her?” Sultaan said – “Willingly.” So she started telling the story … THEN

One story led to another and Sultaan had to leave her in the morning to listen to the remaining part of the story the next night. This continued for 1,001 night, at the end of which Shaharzaad presented him with three sons – one walking, one crawling, and one in her lap. At the end of the period the decree of the death was removed and both lived in harmony.

When it was 930th night, Shaharzaad said – “I have story about women’s trickery in my mind, but I fear that it may lower my esteem in his sight, but I hope that it will not because it is a rare tale. Women are indeed mischief makers, but that should not be told or disclosed.” At this Deenaarzaad said – “O sister of mine, Tell me what is in your mind, and have no fear from the King, because women are like gems, because when they fall in a jeweler’s hand he keeps them for himself and leaves all beside them. He might some of them prefer over others, in this way he is like a potter, who has to put all his vessels in an oven and when he takes them out, he has to break some of them. Some of them are used by others while others are returned to be as they were.” Then Sharazaad said – “Then tell us, O King, the tale of …”

The itroduction of these great stories can be read at;


CALENDAR : Modern Calendar

History of Calendar is given on:
However a short description of modern calendar is gien below:
Modern Calendar
Today’s calendar year begins in January conceivably because it’s the first full month when the days start growing longer (minutes of daily sunlight increasing in the Northern Hemisphere, which includes most of the world’s land and about 90% of the human population), after the Winter Solstice at the end of December. Additionally, the planet Saturn mutually ruling time and the sign of Capricorn might have something to do with the selection of January as the first month of the calendar year. The seven day week division is probably linked to ancient farmers planting by the moon’s phases (seven day quarters). As to why the day officially starts at 12:00 a.m. and not sunrise, it’s possibly due to the fact that after 12:00 a.m. the Sun departs from its daily nadir (in relation to the Earth) as it begins its ascent to the mid-heaven, which it reaches at Noon.

After the 1600s the Gregorian calendar was finally used throughout most of Europe and was adopted by what is now the east coast of America in the mid 1700’s, before 1776, the recognized birth year of America. Greece and Russia avoided using it until the early 1900’s. Japan formally implemented it in 1873, Korea in 1896, and China in 1912.


Note: Calendars in India: there are 21 different calendars in India used in different parts of India; read in detail: