शिव; SHIV

All from Sushma,s website;

http://www.sushmajee.com   and


Shiv Shankar

Baal Shiv

Shiv Jee is one of the three important deities in Hindu Religion – Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh.

Shree Raam’s Leelaa are described in Shree Raam Charit Manas, Shree Krishn Leelaa are described are in Shree Mad-Bhaagvat Jee and Mahaabhaarat. The third important Devtaa is Shiv Jee. He is said to be the easiest god to please, and Maa Paarvatee is famous for her kindness to everybody. There is a Puraan in his name – Shiv Puraan. It is all about him and his activities. It consists of seven Sanhitaa. Its one Sanhitaa, Rudra Sanhitaa, is given in Hindi language poetry.

Why Shiv should be visualized? –
Since Shiv has the power to absorb even the poison, anyone who is suffering from deep grief or pain in life can visualize him.

About Rudra

Know Your Shiv
Websites About Shiv – Find some websites about Shiv

Shiv Temples
Jyotirling Temples – Shiv’s 12 Jyotirling Temples description
Shiv’s Temples – Shiv’s many temples are very famous for various reasons, description of some of them are given here.
Shiv Worship – Shiv PoojaaShiv DeepAnna AbhishekShiv HomShiv Mantra etc etc
Golden Shiv – This is the picture of golden Shiv Ling

About Shiv
Legends – Shiv means ‘who does good for others’. There are eight legends narrating Shiv’s role in destroying evil.
Miscellaneous – This section has many miscellaneous informative articles about Shiv.
Stories – There are many famous stories about him and as Shiv-Paarvatee (his consort) dialog also. Some of them are given here.
Som Vaar Vrat (Monday fasting) Stories
Shiv Raatri Vrat Kathaa

In Other Folders
Sapt Vidang Kshetra – 7 places related to Shiv
Shiv and Shani Dev
Shiv’s Dice Games
Tripur Rahasya – a short explanation
Tripur Rahasya – a book written by Haritaayan

Shiv Puraan

Shiv Raatri and Shiv Worship – Read all the 4 pages
Pradosh Vrat

Baan Ling,
Rudraaksh – Read all the 6 pages
Rudram Chamakam
Types of Ling – Read this to know more about Shiv Ling

There are two main Mantra of Shiv –
(1) Panchaaksharee Mantra – “Om Namah Shivaaya”

(2) Mahaa Mrityunjaya Mantra –
“Om Tryambakam Yajaamahe, Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam
Urvaa Rukmiv Bandhanaan mrityor Muksheeya Maamritaat”




very good details are given by Sushma jee on her website;



The meaning, purpose, names of Upanishad, stories from Upanishad , Teachings of upanishad etc are given in very explicit way; some websites are given;

www.celextel.org  site lists 108 Upanishad with their contents.
www.ahwan.org  or   www.ahwan.com  click on the icon beside the “articles”

There are hundreds of Upanishad, but mainly the followings eleven are well-known.
www.celextel.org  site lists 108 Upanishad with their contents.
www.ahwan.org  or   www.ahwan.com  click on the icon beside the “articles”

Introduction-1: What are Upanishad? Meaning of Upanishad
Introduction-2: Purpose of Upanishad
Introduction-3: Names of Upanishad

Stories From Upanishad
Teachings of Upanishad

Notes – miscellaneous topics related to Upanishad
TV Serial Upanishad Gangaa

Ken Upanishad (Saam Ved) Eeshaavaasya Upanishad (Shukla Yajur Ved)
Kath Upanishad (Krishn Yajur Ved) Complete Prashn Upanishad (Atharv Ved)
Mundak Upanishad (Atharv Ved)  Complete Maandookya Upanishad (Atharv Ved)
itareya Upanishad (Rig Ved)  Complete</align=”left”> Taittireeya Upanishad (Krishn Yajur Ved)
Shwetaashwatar Upanishad (Krishn Yajur Ved) Brihadaaranyak Upanishad (Shukla Yajur Ved

PURAN ; पुराण

very useful information about Puran is given on
following Puraan are discussed in detail;


1-Brahm Puraan, 2-Padm Puraan, 3-Vishnu Puraan, 4-Shiv Puraan, 5-Bhaagvat Puraan, 6-Naarad Puraan, 7-Maarkandeya Puraan, 8-Agni Puraan, 9-Bhavishya Puraan,10-Brahm Vaivart Puraan, 11-Ling Puraan, 12-Varaah Puraan, 13-Skand Puraan,14-Vaaman Puraan, 15-Koorm Puraan, 16-Matsya Puraan, 17-Garud Puraan, 18-Brahmaand Puraan, Upanishad  ;
followings are the important websites for studying puraan
Websites for Puraan

http://vedpuran.wordpress.com/download-all-ved-and-puran-pdf-hindi-free/ – download Ved Puraan here

Shri Indra Prakash Gupta: Sad News

We are very sorry and sad for the sad demise of our respected and beloved Mausaji who left us this morning at 8;;30 AM after a brief illness.
He came from a modest family of Kandhla (Muzaffarnagar ). His parents lived with him most of the time. They were also excellent, very affectionate and very caring people. Mausaji lived wonderful life and left behind a great family – Mausi ji, his sons – Sudhir (Jaipur), Sunil (California, USA), Sushil (Faridabad), and Dilip (Delhi ) and a daughter Sunita ( Toronto, Canada) ; all very nicely settled in their life.

He was very affectionate and caring person. After the death of Sushma’s mother, Madhur (Bale), younger sister of Sushma was left alone at Aligarh. He was the one who took her full responsibility; kept her with him, arranged her marriage in a nice family.
When we were living in Dehradun he was living in Rishikesh. We often met him. We always enjoyed his company and lived with him on several occasions. 

He was ever young, smiling and smart person. He achieved all the best in his life; reached at the top of his career as Chief Engineer, PWD, UP. He lived a very happy, satisfactory and successful life.
After completing the mission of this life, he left us to day for a better mission. God bless his soul in rest and peace, give all of us to bear this great loss of dear one.
He will ever be remembered for his love and care for us.


Family and Social Networking

We have a big family from our parents; we are FIVE brothers and TWO sisters; We thank God that all of us have settled very well with our individual family members though widely settled nationally and internationally;
I being the eldest in the family, have some responsibility to see that all of us live well and live in harmony with each other and possibly care for each other; Here, I would like to give some details about the family of each member of the family;

Five Brothers:

one SON settled in USA
one daughter settled in USA

LAXMI NARAIN GUPTA settled in Kankhal-Haridwar
one SON lives in Ghaziabad/DehraDun
one daughter lives in Bareilly

SANTOSH KUMAR GUPTA settled in Indore

one daughter lives in Kutchh?Damoh, MP
one daughter lives in Indore
one daughter lives in Jaipur
one daughter lives in Mumbai

VIRENDRA KUMAR GUPTA settled in DehraDun

one SON lives in Bangalore
one daughter lives in Singapore

KRISHAN MOHAN LAL GARG settled in DehraDun ( unfortunately left us untimely at very age)

one daughter settled in DehraDun ( married in Haldaur )
one daughter lives in Hills of Uttrakhand
one daughter lives with her mother

TWO Sisters

LAKSHMI DEVI Jwalapur ( unfortunately left us prematurely )

one SON settled in Jwalapur
one SON settled in Jwalapur
one daughter settled in Rishikesh
one daughter lives in Mumbai
one daughter settled in Muzaffarnagar

RAJ BANSAL settled in Sahranpur

one daughter lives in Laksar
one daughter settled in Roorkee
one daughter settled in Ghaziabad
One SON lives in USA

so, our big family has THREE + THREE = SIX Boys
and has TEN + SIX = SIXTEEN Girls

a total of TWENTY TWO (22) Children

With the recent advancement of technology and consequently Globalization, the world has become a global village; distances in the places have reduced dramatically, perhaps it is easier to travel to Singapore or to New York now than it was to travel from my home town Jhalu to District place-Bijnor only about 5 Kms .in good old days; However , distances among the people have increased , people sitting in the same room with smart phones are not with each other; with the increasing population, world has become very crowded and individuals are isolated and finding themselves lost or alone in this crowd especially the seniors.
ICT ( Information Communication Technology) has tremendous capability to connect the people and bring them together.; The Whats up, Hangout, Skype etc. have provided very simple , useful and powerful means to connect people and new means to bring them together with a strong platform of effective communication to know each other in much better way. Social Networking is important tool for developing SOCIAL CAPITAL which has tremendous strength for further developing FINANCIAL Capital and finally SPIRITUAL CAPITAL; Spiritual Capital is the only thing which goes with us at the end of life rest is all left behind.

Of recently, I found many of my childhood friends of primary school, Middle school, High School, and the Universities etc. also colleagues from the various work places and it was very exciting talking to them, knowing about them , their families etc. They are spread all over the world. Talking matters of old days is very enjoying;

Who Lived and Ruled for How Many Years??

Who Lived and Ruled for How Many Years
In Indian mythology many people lived for many thousands of years, people in Kali Yug cannot even think about it.

(1) Hiranyakashyap – ruled for 730 million years.

(2) Dhruv (Uttaanpaad’s son) – ruled for 36,000 years.

(3) Raajaa Bali – ruled for 21 million years

(4) Alark
In Chandra Vansh, Pururavaa’s son was Aayu, Aayu’s son was Khatravriddh, Kshatravriddh’s son was Suhotra.
Suhotra -> Kaashya -> Kaasheya -> Deerghtapaa -> Dhavantari -> Ketumaan -> Bheemarath -> Divodaas -> Pratardan -> Alark
Alark ruled for 66,000 years in his young age.
[Vishnu Puraan, 4/7, Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/10]

(5) Nahush’s son Yayaati – ruled for 80,000 years (In Pururavaa’s Vansh)

(6) Yayaati’s youngest son Puru ruled for 100,000 years

(6) ) – ruled for 27,000 years.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/12]
Bhavishya Puraan, 3-Pratisarg-3, p 276-278 says that he ruled for 36,000 years

(7) Arjun (Kritveerya’s son) – enjoyed pleasures for 85,000 years
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/14]

(8) Dasharath
It is said that Raajaa Dasharath got his children in his fourth (means last period) of his life. Everybody knows that Raam went with Vishwaamitra at the age of 16 years just for a few days. At he same time He was married to Seetaa. After getting married, He lived in Ayodhyaa only for 13 years and after that went to forest. So He was about 29 years old when He went to forest and within a couple days Dasharath Jee died. It means he lived only 29-30 years more after getting his children. V-Raamaayan says that he got his children at the age of 66,000 years.
[V-Raamaayan, 1/6/20]

(9) Raam (Dasharath’s son) – ruled for 13,000 years.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/6] [V-Raamaayan, 7/20/51] says that He ruled for 10,000 years.
Read more on:

How Many Times Draupadee Was Humiliated

How Many Times Draupadee Was Humiliated
Draupadee was humiliated several times in her life, but how many times and where?

(1) First humiliation came to her silently when she married one man but was forced to marry five men on the order of her mother-in-law Kuntee. Although people may not count it as humiliation, but it was humiliation for a woman to marry five men.

(2) Second, at the time of Dice Game, when she was lost by Paandav in Dice game. She was brought to the court in an odd condition by pulling her hair by Dushaasan and was disrobed by him on instigated by Karn

(3) Third, when she was in exile, in the forest, when Duryodhan sent Durvaasaa Rishi with his 10,000 disciples to have food with Paandav. He sent them at such a time when Draupadee couldn’t feed them. Krishn helped her by eating a leaf and satisfying the whole world by it.

(4) Fourth, also when she was in exile, in the forest, by Jayadrath. When he saw her he tried to lure her. Arjun fought with Jayadrath and brought Draupadee back, although later Draupadee freed Jayadrath by leaving his head with five Chottee in remembrance of five Paandav.

(5) Fifth, in her Agyaatvaas period in Viraat’s court, Keechak humiliated her. She requested Bheem to intervene and kill him. Then Bheem killed him, although this killing disposed Paandav to Kaurav.

(6) And in the last Ashwatthaamaa killed her all sons in sleep.
Read more on:

Who and who Saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop or Viraat Roop?

Who Saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop or Viraat Roop?

Although Krishn lived for 123 (or 125) years, still not everybody was lucky to see His Chatur-bhuj or Viraat Roop. Then who and who saw His that Roop?

(1) Arjun
The first name comes to our mind is of His cousin and friend or say His own form – Arjun. He saw His both Roop at the time of hearing Geetaa, when he got afraid to see His Viraat Roop, he requested Him to show His Chatur-bhuj Roop.

(2) Sanjaya
Sanjaya was given Divine Sight to see MBH war, so Sanjaya also saw Bhagavaan’s Viraat Roop

(3) In Kaurav Court
When Krishn went to Dhritraashtra as a peace messenger from Paandav’s side, on Duryodhan’s ill behavior, He showed His Vishwa Roop. MBH, G-5-Prewar/18 says that it was seen by Drone, Bheeshm, Vidur, Sanjaya and some Rishi to whom Krishn gave Divine sight.

(4) Jaraasandh
The second name is of Jaraasandh, Krishn fought with him in His Chaturbhuj Roop.
[Padm Puraan, 5/45]

(5) Kaalayavan Daitya
Kaalayavan Daitya also saw Krishn in His Chaturbhuj Roop. He had never seen Krishn before. Naarad Jee gave His description to him. So when he went to invade Mathuraa, Krishn came out of the city in His Chaturbhuj Roop without any weapon in His hands and on foot. Seeing Him in this Roop Kaalayavan immediately recognized Him as Krishn and wanted to fight with Him and capture Him.
[ Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u2]

(6) Muchukund
Muchukund also saw Krishn’s Chatur-bhuj Roop when he was awakened from his long sleep by Kaalyavan Raakshas by hitting him by his foot. He burnt Kaalyavan to ashes as he saw him and he saw Bhagavaan standing in the cave.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u2]

(7) 20,800 Kings Imprisoned by Jaraasandh
Jaraasandh had imprisoned 20,800 kings in a fort in a valley. They sent a message to Krishn to free them. Krishn came with Arjun and Bheem and killed him. When He freed them, they saw Him in His Chatur-bhuj Roop.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u14]

(8) Jaraa
Jaraa named hunter who killed Krishn saw His Chaturbhuj Roop when he came to pick his hunt.
[Vishnu Puraan, 5/14]

(9) Uttank
Muni Uttank also saw Viraat Roop when Krishn was returning to Dwaarakaa after the war.
[MBH, G-7-Postwar/19]

(10) Parashuraam Jee
Mahaabhaarat describes the incident of Parashuraam meeting with Raam and in that incident Raam gives him Divine sight and shows His Viraat Roop to him. Although Maanas and Raamaayan do not mention this.
[MBH, G-4-Van/17]

Who Was Born to Kill Whom?

Who Was Born to Kill Whom
In our mythology many people were born to kill certain people. Who are they?

(1) Shikhandee
Shikhandee was born to kill Bheeshm. Shikhandee was the incarnation of Ambaa who vowed to kill Bheeshm.
[MBH, Ambaa]

(2) Dhrishtdyumn
Drupad got him to kill Drone. Drupad had a severe enmity with Drone as much as that he did a Yagya to get a son to kill him.
[“Enmity With Drupad”]

(3) Ashwatthaamaa
Drone’s son Ashwatthaamaa was born to kill Dhrishtdyumn.

(4) Pradyumn
Pradyumn was born to kill Shambaraasur. That is why when Pradyumn was only seven days old, he stole him from Rukminee’s room and threw him in Lavan Sea. Although Shambaraasur threw him in Lavan Sea to kill him, still he did not die there. One fish swallowed him. A fisherman caught that fish and seeing a good fish brought that fish for the King Shambaraasur. Shambaraasur gave it to his cooks to cook it. When the cooks cut it they found a baby inside its stomach. They gave the baby to Maayaavatee – Shambaraasur’s maid-servant. Maayaavatee brought up him with great love, thus he grew up in Shambaraasur’s palace only. Later he killed him.
[Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u5]

(5) Saatyaki
Saatyaki was born, not to really kill Bhoorishravaa, but to take the revenge of his grandfather’s insult. How? Raajaa Shoorsen, the father of Vasudev and grandfather of Krishn, had a cousin named Sinee. There was once the Swayamvar for Devakee (the sister of Kans). Sinee went to that Swayamvar and abducted her to make her the wife of Vasudev. At that time Somdatt was the king in Kuru House. He was very powerful. Somdatt was the son of Baahleek (Shaantanu’s brother). He resented the act of Sinee and challenged him for fight. Sinee won. He caught Somdatt by hair and placed his foot on his chest. This was a great insult to Kuru House. So Somdatt prayed to Bhagavaan and got a Var for a son who would do the same thing with one of the descendents of Sinee. He got Bhoorishravaa as his son and Saatyaki was the grandson of Sinee.

(6) Krishn
Krishn was born to kill Kans. Kans knew this that is why he tried to kill Krishn many times, but failed. Later Krishn killed him.
Read more on:

The Soot Putra in Mahabharat

Who and Who Are the Soot Putra in MBH
Soot Putras are those, as defined, whose father is a Braahman and mother is a Kshatriya. By this definition many people can be counted as Soot Putra, such as Dhritraashtra, Paandu, etc. Still the famous ones are —

(1) Karn – The most famous one is Karn

(2) Adhirath – Saarathee of Shaantanu

(3) Keechak – Brother of Sudeshnaa (King Viraat’s wife) who also becomes a Soot Putree. Keechak is Prince of Kekaya? but also is a Soot. King of Kekaya married a Yaadav Princess and was a co-brother to Paandu hence Keechak was step-cousin to Paandav. So there is a probability that Kuntee’s sister married a Soot or someone whose at least one wife was Soot (Karn is cited having Soot wives as disqualifying him from marrying Draupadee as a Soot Putra).

In Indonesian legends, Keechak is either the son to Paraashar and Satyavatee or a descendent of Satyavatee http://www.joglesemar.com


(5) Vishok – Saarathee of Bhem – he was the son of Krishn, so Krishn had him either from a Braahman woman or a woman of the Soot birth.

(6) Ugrashravaa – is famous as Soot Jee – he used to tell Puraan etc stories to Rishi.

(7) Romharshan – r was also a Soot. He was a very dear disciple of Ved Vyaas Jee and in spite of being a Soot, he taught him Puraan and Itihaas (Mahaabhaart) which he recited to other Rishi. He was killed by Balaraam Jee when he was on his Teerth Yaatraa.